Earth Science

General Information

Type
Activity
Description
web
Practice Video Demonstration
Earth Science Practice Test Items
Earth Science Practice Test Guide
VA DOE Practice Test
web
Virginia Department of Ed Standards and SOL-based Instructional Resources
word
SOL Enhanced Specific activites by SOL created by DOE
web
Earth Science Content Review Notes Suffolk Public Schools Earth Science Content Review Notes
web
Sumanas, Inc. Animation Gallery
web
Explore Science Thematic interactive games and simulations driven by specific learning objectives.
web
National Science Foundation: Special Reports Videos produced by the National Science Foundation
web
Scitable A free science library. Scitable concentrates on genetics, the study of evolution, variation, and the rich complexity of living organisms.
web
Scientific American Resource that includes select articles from current and past issues, online-only features, daily news, topic-driven blogs, podcast series, and a video directory
Interactive Simulations

Interactive, research-based simulations of physical phenomena from the PhET project at the University of Colorado.

Hippo Campus Provides high-quality, multimedia content

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ES.1 The student will plan and conduct investigations in which a) volume, area, mass, elapsed time, direction, temperature, pressure, distance, density, and changes in elevation/depth are calculated utilizing the most appropriate tools; b) technologies, including computers, probeware, and geospatial technologies, are used to collect, analyze, and report data and to demonstrate concepts and simulate experimental conditions; c) scales, diagrams, charts, graphs, tables, imagery, models, and profiles are constructed and interpreted; d) maps and globes are read and interpreted, including location by latitude and longitude; e) variables are manipulated with repeated trials; and f) current applications are used to reinforce Earth science concepts.

Type
Activity
Description
NASA ISS EarthKam Provides high quality photographs of Earth taken from the Space Shuttle and International Space Station

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ES.2 The student will demonstrate an understanding of the nature of science and scientific reasoning and logic. Key concepts include a) science explains and predicts the interactions and dynamics of complex Earth systems; b) evidence is required to evaluate hypotheses and explanations; c) observation and logic are essential for reaching a conclusion; and d) evidence is evaluated for scientific theories.

Type
Activity
Description
     

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ES.3 The student will investigate and understand the characteristics of Earth and the solar system. Key concepts include a) position of Earth in the solar system; b) sun-Earth-moon relationships; (seasons, tides, and eclipses); c) characteristics of the sun, planets and their moons, comets, meteors, and asteroids; and d) the history and contributions of space exploration.

Type
Activity
Description
The 8 Planets Multimedia tour of the solar system
NASA Solar System Simulator Views of objects in our solar system from the other planets and moons
To the Moon Explore the moon and work on lunar puzzlers
Share the Skies Enables students to study astronomy in real time
Space Sense Test your knowledge of space trivia

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ES.4 The student will investigate and understand how to identify major rock-forming and ore minerals based on physical and chemical properties. Key concepts include a) hardness, color and streak, luster, cleavage, fracture, and unique properties; and b) uses of minerals.

Type
Activity
Description

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ES.5 The student will investigate and understand the rock cycle as it relates to the origin and transformation of rock types and how to identify common rock types based on mineral composition and textures. Key concepts include a) igneous rocks; b) sedimentary rocks; and c) metamorphic rocks.

Type
Activity
Description
     

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ES.6 The student will investigate and understand the differences between renewable and nonrenewable resources. Key concepts include a) fossil fuels, minerals, rocks, water, and vegetation; b) advantages and disadvantages of various energy sources; c) resources found in Virginia; and d) environmental costs and benefits.

Type
Activity
Description
Geology Jeopardy Reviews geology concepts

Retrun

ES.7 The student will investigate and understand geologic processes including plate tectonics. Key concepts include a) geologic processes and their resulting features; and b) tectonic processes.

Type
Activity
Description
Geology Jeopardy Reviews geology concepts
Plate Tectonics Animations Animations originally produced for the US Geological Survey video

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ES.8 The student will investigate and understand how freshwater resources are influenced by geologic processes and the activities of humans. Key concepts include a) processes of soil development; b) development of karst topography; c) relationships between groundwater zones, including saturated and unsaturated zones, and the water table; d) identification of sources of fresh water including rivers, springs, and aquifers, with reference to the hydrologic cycle; e) dependence on freshwater resources and the effects of human usage on water quality; and f) identification of the major watershed systems in Virginia, including the Chesapeake Bay and its tributaries.

Type
Activity
Description

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ES.9 The student will investigate and understand that many aspects of the history and evolution of Earth and life can be inferred by studying rocks and fossils. Key concepts include a) traces and remains of ancient, often extinct, life are preserved by various means in many sedimentary rocks; b) superposition, cross-cutting relationships, index fossils, and radioactive decay are methods of dating bodies of rock; c) absolute and relative dating have different applications but can be used together to determine the age of rocks and structures; and d) rocks and fossils from many different geologic periods and epochs are found in Virginia.

Type
Activity
Description
     

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ES.10 The student will investigate and understand that oceans are complex, interactive physical, chemical, and biological systems and are subject to long- and short-term variations. Key concepts include a) physical and chemical changes related to tides, waves, currents, sea level and ice cap variations, upwelling, and salinity variations; b) importance of environmental and geologic implications; c) systems interactions; d) features of the sea floor as reflections of tectonic processes; and e) economic and public policy issues concerning the oceans and the coastal zone including the Chesapeake Bay.

Type
Activity
Description
     

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ES.11 The student will investigate and understand the origin and evolution of the atmosphere and the interrelationship of geologic processes, biologic processes, and human activities on its composition and dynamics. Key concepts include a) scientific evidence for atmospheric composition changes over geologic time; b) current theories related to the effects of early life on the chemical makeup of the atmosphere; c) atmospheric regulation mechanisms including the effects of density differences and energy transfer; and d) potential changes to the atmosphere and climate due to human, biologic, and geologic activity.

Type
Activity
Description
web
Macaulay Library Archive of animal sounds and video

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ES.12 The student will investigate and understand that energy transfer between the sun and Earth and its atmosphere drives weather and climate on Earth. Key concepts include a) observation and collection of weather data; b) prediction of weather patterns; c) severe weather occurrences, such as tornadoes, hurricanes, and major storms; and d) weather phenomena and the factors that affect climate including radiation, conduction, and convection.

Type
Activity
Description
     

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ES.13 The student will investigate and understand scientific concepts related to the origin and evolution of the universe. Key concepts include a) cosmology including the Big Bang theory; and b) the origin and evolution of stars, star systems, and galaxies.

Type
Activity
Description
     

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Review

Type
Activity
Description
Jefferson Lab SOL Review SOL Practice Tests
ePat
Practice Assessment Tools
(must install ePat Launcher before using)

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Legend
Audio

Google Doc


Google Draw

Google Form

Google Sheet

Google Slides

Hot Potatoes


MS Excel
MS PowerPoint
MS Publisher
MS Word
PDF
Research Activity
Video

Webquest

Web site
 
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