Physical Science

General Information

Type
Activity
Description
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Practice Video Demonstration
Grade 8 Practice Test Items
Grade 8 Practice Test Guide
VA DOE Practice Test
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Physical Science Content Review Notes
Content Review Notes for Parents and Students
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SOL Enhanced Specific activites by SOL created by TTAC
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Science Study Jams Find over 200 Jams on many different topics
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National Science Foundation: Special Reports Videos and lesson plans produced by the National Science Foundation
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Scientific American Resource that includes select articles from current and past issues, online-only features, daily news, topic-driven blogs, podcast series, and a video directory
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Virginia Department of Ed Standards and SOL-based Instructional Resources

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PS.1 The student will demonstrate an understanding of scientific reasoning, logic, and the nature of science by planning and conducting investigations in which a) chemicals and equipment are used safely; b) length, mass, volume, density, temperature, weight, and force are accurately measured; c) conversions are made among metric units, applying appropriate prefixes; d) triple beam and electronic balances, thermometers, metric rulers, graduated cylinders, probeware, and spring scales are used to gather data; e) numbers are expressed in scientific notation where appropriate; f) independent and dependent variables, constants, controls, and repeated trials are identified; g) data tables showing the independent and dependent variables, derived quantities, and the number of trials are constructed and interpreted; h) data tables for descriptive statistics showing specific measures of central tendency, the range of the data set, and the number of repeated trials are constructed and interpreted; i) frequency distributions, scatterplots, line plots, and histograms are constructed and interpreted; j) valid conclusions are made after analyzing data; k) research methods are used to investigate practical problems and questions; l) experimental results are presented in appropriate written form; m) models and simulations are constructed and used to illustrate and explain phenomena; and n) current applications of physical science concepts are used.

Type
Activity
Description
Measurement PowerPoint lesson explaining various forms of measurement and how to plan and conduct investigations.

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PS.2 The student will investigate and understand the nature of matter. Key concepts include a) the particle theory of matter; b) elements, compounds, mixtures, acids, bases, and salts; c) solids, liquids, and gases; d) physical properties; e) chemical properties; and f) characteristics of types of matter based on physical and chemical properties.

Type
Activity
Description
Matter PowerPoint lessons on the basic nature of matter.
Periodic Table of Videos

Interactive periodic table

Dynamic Periodic Table Interactive Periodic Table

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PS.3 The student will investigate and understand the modern and historical models of atomic structure. Key concepts include a) the contributions of Dalton, Thomson, Rutherford, and Bohr in understanding the atom; and b) the modern model of atomic structure.

Type
Activity
Description
Periodic Table of Videos

Interactive periodic table

Atomic Structure PowerPoint lesson models of atomic structure.

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PS.4 The student will investigate and understand the organization and use of the periodic table of elements to obtain information. Key concepts include a) symbols, atomic numbers, atomic mass, chemical families (groups), and periods; b) classification of elements as metals, metalloids, and nonmetals; and c) formation of compounds through ionic and covalent bonding.

Type
Activity
Description
Element Pairs Pair up the elements with their symbols
WebElements The Periodic Table on the Web
Chemistry Games Eight online games on chemical elements and the periodic table

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PS.5 The student will investigate and understand changes in matter and the relationship of these changes to the Law of Conservation of Matter and Energy. Key concepts include a) physical changes; b) chemical changes; and c) nuclear reactions.

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Activity
Description

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PS.6 The student will investigate and understand forms of energy and how energy is transferred and transformed. Key concepts include a) potential and kinetic energy; and b) mechanical, chemical, electrical, thermal, radiant, and nuclear energy.

Type
Activity
Description
Build Your Own Coaster Create your own roller coaster ride
Rollercoaster Simulator Design a coaster that will achieve maximum thrills without crashing

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PS.7 The student will investigate and understand temperature scales, heat, and thermal energy transfer. Key concepts include a) Celsius and Kelvin temperature scales and absolute zero; b) phase change, freezing point, melting point, boiling point, vaporization, and condensation; c) conduction, convection, and radiation; and d) applications of thermal energy transfer.

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Activity
Description
     

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PS.8 The student will investigate and understand the characteristics of sound waves. Key concepts include a) wavelength, frequency, speed, amplitude, rarefaction, and compression; b) resonance; c) the nature of compression waves; and d) technological applications of sound.

Type
Activity
Description
Draw
Wavelengths Identify the basic components of a compression (longitudinal) wave.

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PS.9 The student will investigate and understand the characteristics of transverse waves. Key concepts include a) wavelength, frequency, speed, amplitude, crest, and trough; b) the wave behavior of light; c) images formed by lenses and mirrors; d) the electromagnetic spectrum; and e) technological applications of light.

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Activity
Description

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PS.10 The student will investigate and understand the scientific principles of work, force, and motion. Key concepts include a) speed, velocity, and acceleration; b) Newton's laws of motion; c) work, force, mechanical advantage, efficiency, and power; and d) technological applications of work, force, and motion.

Type
Activity
Description
Gravity and Newton's Laws of Motion PowerPoint lesson on the technological applications of work, force and motion.

Aerial Physics: Aerial Skiing Video

Students will explore a variety of concepts involved with aerial skiing including angular momentum, torque, and friction
Slapshot Physics: Hockey Students will learn about hockey, the slapshot, and techniques such as force, weight, and speed
Downhill Science: Alpine Skiing Video Students will explore the physics of alpine skiing by simulating a downhill run and racing Hot Wheel cars.
Blade Runners Video Short track speed-skating, the fastest self-propelled sport in the Winter Games, illustrates all of Newton's First Three Laws of Motion.

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PS.11 The student will investigate and understand basic principles of electricity and magnetism. Key concepts include a) static electricity, current electricity, and circuits; b) relationship between a magnetic field and an electric current; c) electromagnets, motors, and generators and their uses; and d) conductors, semiconductors, and insulators.

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Activity
Description

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Review

Type
Activity
Description
web
Jefferson Lab SOL practice tests
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Puzzle Maker Use their word lists or create your own to generate crosswords, word searches or word scrambles
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Chemistry Quizzes Online quizzes on Chemistry concepts
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Vocab Review Review of vocabulary for PS.6, PS.10, and PS.11

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Google Doc


Google Draw

Google Form

Google Sheet

Google Slides

Hot Potatoes


MS Excel
MS PowerPoint
MS Publisher
MS Word
PDF
Research Activity
Video

Webquest

Web site
 
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